Since I have already written extensively about Port wine and the best vineyards in Douro Valley, it’s time to make a complete guide on the green wine.
On this article on can find a list of myths about green wine, an explanation of what is, after all, a green wine, and, of course, the best vineyards of green wine!
On this article you’ll read about:
How to get to the Green Wine region in Portugal
I believe we should start this guide to the Green wine region in Portugal by explain how to get to them.
Unlike Douro Valley, where you have a train connection to the largest cities in the region, in the Green Wine region you most definitely need a car not only to visit the best vineyards but also to get to the major cities.
Yes, you have a train connection to both Guimarães and Braga but from there you can’t really explore the vineyards as most of them are either around Monção and Melgaço (Alvarinho grape variety), Ponte de Lima (for Loureiro) and Amarante.
Therefore, you can either hire a private guide like myself or rent a car to get to the Green Wine region.
Therefore, I recommend you to use AutoEurope to find the cheapest car rental deals.
Breaking the myths about green wine…
1. Green wine is not a ripe wine
When you go to a restaurant in Portugal, it’s quite common that the waiter asks you if you want a “ripe white” or a “green white”, which might wrongly leads you to think that green wine is not a ripe wine.
In fact, it is – but to better understand the “green” designation, we need to go back in time and see how green wines was produced before.
In ancient times the fields were used primarily for the production of corn and potato crops, and the vines were planted just around the fields. Thus, the grapes did not receive much sun exposure so they wouldn’t reach its maturation point – they were indeed, green grapes 🙂 This kind of plantation is quite evident in this photo:
Today it is completely different. The investment in the production of green wine per se coupled with the technological evolution allow the grapes to receive the sun exposure they need to complete its maturation. Thus, green wines are not unripe wines, but white, red or rosé, like any other type of wine.
2. Green wine never ages in wood
Most green wine sold nowadays doesn’t actually age in wood that is, during the final steps of production process, before being bottled. Instead, the entire process of vinification occurs in stainless steel vats. However, there are already some producers of green wine to produce wines aged in wood.
Namely, Quinta do Soalheiro with its award-winning 2014 Alvarinho Soalheiro Reserva, a wine which fermented 100% in oak barrels that received the silver medal at the Decanter World Wine Awards 2016 and Quinta do Ameal, for example, with its magnificent Escolha, which ages for 6 months in used French oak barrels from Nevers.
These are exceptional wines that demand some patience to reveal its aromas and flavors and that shall be harmonised with an elegant meal.
3. Green wine is always fresh, fruity and floral
The communication of the Viticulture Commission of the Vinho Verde region positions the green wines as “fresh, fruity, floral”, which immediately calls for the consumption of green wines during the warmer months of the year.
It isn’t an erroneous communication, taking into account that most part of the green wines produced today fit this profile – fresh, fruity and floral.
However, there are producers showing that green wines can be more than that. The unusual Casa de Cello which belongs to João Pedro Araújo, brags – with all the credit! – its “serious, dry wines.”
Another excellent example of a producer who dares to be different is Pedro Araújo, from Quinta do Ameal, who says that he is “as a producer of great white wines”, avoiding the usual connotation of green wines.
Examples that in the same region coexist different green wines that satisfy different consumer profiles at different times of consumption, ranging from more affordable wines available in supermarkets to wines that make it to the wine lists of some of the best restaurants in the world.
4. Green wine is always a white wine
This myth was broken with a great effort, I must say. In some areas of Minho, where demarcated region of green wine is, it is very common to drink wine produced with “vinhão”. “Vinhão” is a grape variety also known as sousão in the Douro Valley, which is mainly used for coloring (the skin and the pulp of this grape variety are both red, giving a stronger color to the wine).
In the green wine region, vinhão is granted the honor of being consumed in special bowls during the meal. After several unsuccessful attempts, I can say that green wines are not always white … but I’d rather if they were!
What is a green wine after all?!
After breaking all these myths, let’s go back to the beginning. Green wines are no more than the wines produced in the demarcated region of Vinho Verde, with all the variety and complexity that the terroir entails.
This region was marked on October 1st 1908. It is the largest wine region in Portugal, located in the Northwest, bordering with Spain, with the provinces of Minho and with Douro Litoral. It is divided into nine sub-regions, as you can see on the map below.
The region of green wine has 20K producers (in contrast, for example, with the Douro Valley, which has more than 30K producers), with an annual production of 80M laters of wine.
And, out of curiosity … did you know that green wines were the first Portuguese wines known in Europe, particularly by the United Kingdom? In fact, even before the Douro Valley had been “discovered” by the British, they already exported Portuguese wine from the green wine region to the UK… 🙂
Top vineyards in the green wine region
Quinta do Soalheiro (Sub region of Monção and Melgaço)
4960-010 Alvarado | Melgaço
Quinta do Soalheiro is a family business that produces green wines of the Alvarinho / Albariño grape variety since 1982. It is a company with an unique vision, focused on the brand and not just on the Alvarinho / Albariño grape variety, as this grape variety will no longer be produced exclusively in the sub region of Monção and Melgaço to be spread to the entire region of green wine.
Quinta do Soalheiro has a fairly comprehensive wine portfolio, from single varietal of Alvarinho / Albariño, blends of Alvarinho / Albariño and Loureiro (another grape variety of the green wine region), Terra Mater – a biological wine aged in chestnut barrels – and even a brut sparkling wine produced according to the traditional method.
The visit to the vineyard is made at Quinta do Soalheiro, and the proof of the wines are made in the beautiful Quinta das Folgas, just a few minutes away (by car).
Quinta do Soalheiro provide several wine tastings, ranging from 6€ to 65€ / person. If you want to include a food pairing at Quinta das Folgas, it is naturally more expensive, but totally worth it.
The location of Quinta das Folgas is beautiful, and if it’s a sunny day, ask for the tasting to take place on the terrace 😉
Reservations: through the email email@example.com or +351 251 416 769.
Palácio da Brejoeira (Sub region of Monção and Melgaço)
Pinheiros. 4950-660 | Monção
Palácio da Brejoeira is absolutely magnificent and I strongly recommend you to visit it due to the estate and the story behind it. In 1937 Palácio da Brejoeira was acquired by Francisco de Oliveira Paes, a wealthy merchant of Lisbon that offered the palace as a birthday gift to his daughter Herminia, when she turned 18.
Herminia, who passed away just a few years ago, was a pioneer woman in the production of Alvarinho / Albariño grape variety, plating 2hec of this variety in 1964. A businesswoman and a happy traveller, Herminia used to say that “Alvarinho is my son.”
The visits to Palácio da Brejoeira are taken in Portuguese, English and French. There are three types of visits:
- Interior of Palácio da Brejoeira, chapel and gardens.
- Exterior of Palácio da Brejoeira (only the woods, the vineyards and the old lagar).
- Interior and exterior of Palácio da Brejoeira.
Wine tastings are paid separately:
– Green wine: 2.5€
– New brandy: 3€
– Old brand: 3€
[9h30 – 12h30] + [14h30 – 18h30]. In the mornings, the last 30m visit starts at midday and the last visit of 1h starts at 11h30. In the afternoon, the last 30m visit starts at 18h and the last visit of 1h starts at 17h30.
Reservations: through the email firstname.lastname@example.org ou +351 251 667 238.
Quinta do Ameal
4990 – 707 Refóios do Lima | Ponte do Lima
The first reference to Quinta do Ameal dates from 1710, but, of course, wine production took off nearly three centuries later, in 1990, at the hands of Pedro Araújo, who from the beginning chose to invest in the production of fine white wines.
Quinta do Ameal – Classic received 94 points in the scale of Robert Parker, who holds the prestigious wine magazine The Wine Advocate. Quinta do Ameal was also elected in 2015 to “Matter of Taste”, an event hold by Robert Parker that selectively chooses 200 wines worldwide.
And it wouldn’t hurt to say that this Quinta do Ameal has its wines in some of the most renowned Michelin-starred restaurants, such as Petrus in London.
Unfortunately, this property has been sold to a big, corporate wine brand in Portugal (in 2019) and we don’t really know what changes that will bring to the wines nor to the space itself – hopefully, none!
Quinta do Ameal is absolutely charming and it includes, in addition to the vineyards, two holiday cottages, an outdoor pool, magnificent pine trees, several gardens and a wine cellar. It is a space where time runs slower, between beautiful wines and mild conversations around the fireplace.
Reservations: through the email email@example.com or +351 916 907 016. Visits take place in Portuguese, English, Spanish and German.
Casa de Cello (Sub region of Amarante)
Mancebos. 4605-118 Vila-Meã | Amarante
Casa de Cello is another card completely off the deck in the green wine region and we must thank it for that. Whether for its wine production philosophy, which heavily focuses on extreme caution during the viticulture (irrigation, aeration of the production, pruning, etc.) in order to have less intervention in the cellars, producing more natural wines that clearly express the terroir characteristics.
Typically, Casa de Cello receives no visits other than those of its customers and distributors, but if you want my advice, go there anyway, that I put my hands on fire that they will welcome you anyway. You might even be lucky enough to taste some very unusual wines, for example, Casa de Cello Superior 2009, a a blended wine of Alvarinho and Malvasia Fina.
Where to Stay in the Green wine region
In my opinion there are three major places to stay in the Green wine region:
- In Monção or Melgaço, the most important region for the production of the famous Alvarinho grape. Here, I suggest Solar de Serrade (beautiful manor house), Hotel Fonte da Vila or Casa da Vinha (it is a 30 minutes drive from Monção but it is STUNNING). If you are coming with a group of friends or with your family I strongly recommend Casa das Pesqueiras, in Melgaço – a large and really comfortable house that even has a barbecue and a swimming pool!
- In Ponte de Lima, the perfect subregion for Loureiro grape variety. There I recommend Quinta do Ameal, Casa de Anquião or the lovely apartment Mercearia da Vila.
- In Amarante, on the verge of the Douro Valley. I love the Monverde Wine Hotel, the fancy Hotel Casa da Calçada, the apartment Mimo House and Des Arts Hostel (a very affordable and amazing hostel).